Questions and answers for pharmacists
Here are answers to some of the questions you ask us.
On this page
What's a "relevant practitioner"?
A range of health care professionals can prescribe funded medicines, including nurses, pharmacists, dietitians, and midwives. Their professional bodies, not PHARMAC, set out their ‘scopes of practice’, which determine what professional services and activities they can perform.
Some medicines in the Schedule have a Special Authority approval required for subsidy, with applications allowed by any Relevant Practitioner. This means that any practitioner prescribing within their scope of practice may apply for the Special Authority approval.
Note that some information isn’t printed, but can be downloaded from:
When there is a brand switch fee claimable, pharmacists can claim 1 fee per patient. The fee can be claimed at the first dispensing of the new brand after sole supply begins, even if the brand was changed earlier.
Pharmacists cannot claim a brand switch fee when the medicine is supplied on a PSO or BSO.
You can find all current medicines where a brand switch fee can be claimed by typing "BSF" in the Schedule search bar, the drop down will show the medicines these apply to (see the image).
The fee is applied to support more difficult brand changes. We have criteria to decide whether a brand switch fee is needed. These include:
- that the medicine is used long-term by patients
- there is a large patient group
- there has been no recent brand change.
Who can order medicines on a BSO?
Registered private hospitals can use a BSO for bulk supplies of funded medicines and related products.
For rest homes and other facilities that are not registered as hospitals, practitioners should use an individual prescription or practitioners supply order (PSO).
What medicines can be ordered on a BSO?
Any reasonable monthly quantity of any pharmaceutical, provided all requirements in the listing are met.
If the listing states ‘only on a prescription’, 'not on a BSO', has a Retail Pharmacy Specialist restriction, or the pharmaceutical requires a Special Authority, it is not funded on a BSO. The only exception to this is ivermectin which can be obtained on a BSO with a valid Special Authority for one patient.
OP and Wastage – What's the difference?
Original pack (OP) dispensing means dispensing (and claiming for) a whole number of packs, which may be more than the total quantity prescribed. This is generally used for products that cannot be broken down such as tubes of cream and inhalers. Wastage is about dispensing the quantity prescribed but reimbursing for excess product discarded.
Original pack (OP)
When OP is specified, you should dispense the closest pack size to meet the dosage instructions. The subsidy claim is rounded up to the nearest original container size..
Wastage can be claimed on some medicines, including liquid antibiotics that are diluted at the time of dispensing and s29 medicines. Wastage does not apply for medicines that are Cost Brand Source (CBS) or OP because the whole pack can be claimed.
Claiming wastage is optional. If you do claim wastage, you must discard the claimed quantity at the time of dispensing.
DHB hospital pharmacists may claim the unused portion of products labelled as PCT or PCT only.
We expect pharmacists to minimise wastage by:
- claiming only when the unused portion is unlikely to be used
- dispensing a smaller quantity if:
- the difference is less than 10%, and
- it won’t have a clinical effect on the treatment
Is it funded: Emtricibine with tenofovir
Read our guide for pharmacists to assess whether a prescription for emtricibine with tenofovir is funded.
Is it funded: Blood glucose meters
Are they funded for people on metformin or diet alone?
No, they are not funded. Patients should discuss the need to test with their doctor. If a meter is needed, patients can pay for a meter at their pharmacy or contact the meter supplier, Pharmaco on 0800 458 267 (or 0800 GLUCOSE).
Someone has lost their funded meter
Only one meter per patient is funded per 5 years. If the patient loses the meter or it is damaged, a replacement is not funded. It may be covered by household insurance.
If the meter is faulty, contact the supplier to ask for a replacement.
Is it funded: Insulin pumps and consumables
Consumables – someone is using more packs than usual
People can get funding for only up to 13 packs per year. Each pack should last one month. If the person is likely to use more than this, the prescriber will need to apply for a Special Authority waiver.
Someone uses a small amount of insulin to prime the needle before each injection. Can I claim for this?
If priming is included in the prescription, you can dispense it. In general, this would not be more than 2 units per dose.
Is it funded: one tube of Ovestin cream per month
At the usual dose, one tube should last 3 months. One per month for hygiene reasons is not funded.
Is it funded: How many inhalers or eyedrops or prescriptions for multiple people
For this information and more, check the DHB Procedures manual.
Why isn't Methylphenidate ER – Teva listed with the other extended release formulations?
Since October 2020, Methylphenidate ER – Teva can be used as a first line treatment for ADHD. We have put it together with the immediate and sustained release formulations which are also first line. This makes it easier for prescribers to find the correct Special Authority form to apply for funding for these medicines.
Other extended release formulations (Concerta or Ritalin LA) can only be used as a second-line treatment. They require a different Special Authority form, so we’ve kept them separate.
Why is my wholesaler charging me more than I'll be reimbursed
We have no control over what your wholesaler charges for an individual item. Contact your wholesaler to discuss.
Note that any additional charges to the patient must be in line with your Community Pharmacy Service Agreement (CPSA).