Identifying people at high risk for severe illness from COVID-19

Clinicians can use this list to identify people at high risk of severe COVID-19.

This list defines conditions that put people at high risk of severe COVID-19 for criteria 4.11 for nirmatrelvir with ritonavir and remdesivir.

  • chronic lung or airways disease
  • serious heart conditions such as congestive heart failure, coronary artery disease, rheumatic heart disease and congenital heart disease
  • poorly controlled hypertension
  • chronic neurological or neuromuscular disease
  • significant developmental disability
  • diabetes
  • chronic kidney disease
  • severe liver disease such as cirrhosis
  • severe haematological disorders
  • severe mental illness such as schizophrenia, major depressive disorder, bipolar or schizoaffective disorder
  • active cancer
  • morbid obesity — a body mass index (BMI) greater than 35
  • people currently in contact with secondary and tertiary mental health and addiction services
  • people with mental health and addiction issues who are currently homeless or without permanent housing.